Understanding copyright

According to the U.S. Constitution, the purpose of copyright is "to promote the progress of science and the useful arts."

Most everything in print and on the internet is protected by copyright. This means that the creator of an original work has exclusive rights to how it is used and distributed.

Use this guide to learn the basics of copyright, fair use, file sharing, and more. You can also check out the copyright crash course from the University of Texas to learn more about the ins and outs of copyright.

The U.S. Copyright Act can be found at Title 17 of the United States Code. The U.S. Copyright Office also provides information on copyright.

What is covered by copyright?

Copyright protects original works fixed in a tangible medium. Examples include movies, poetry, prose, software, artwork, musical notation, recorded music, animations, video, a web page, blog posts and comments, architectural drawings, or photographs.

Check the works you are using for statements about copyright, ownership, and intellectual property rights. It is your responsibility to respect these rights since you can be liable for any infringements.

Works in the public domain, such as a work first published in the United States before 1923, are no longer protected by copyright. Use the digital copyright slider to determine whether a work published in the United States is in the public domain or covered by copyright.

You can sometimes use copyrighted items for teaching and research purposes under fair use provisions or specific educational exceptions. Works with an open license such as a Creative Commons license can also be legally shared with appropriate attribution or other specified conditions.

Campus policies

UA intellectual property policy

Arizona Board of Regents intellectual property policy

Contact us

We are here to help you learn about copyright rules and know how to use information ethically. We offer one-on-one and small group consultation on topics related to rights and intellectual property issues in teaching, research, and publishing. We are also available for class lectures or other presentations.

If you have any questions, contact our copyright librarian, Michael Brewer.